Engineering Design Processes
The challenges in planning and controlling development processes in today’s development projects are rising. A high degree of uncertainty and the iterative character of developments complicate the management of accelerating development cycles and the coordination of increasing interdisciplinary cooperation. Research projects and the research group “processes” at the institute address specific challenges within development process management. Furthermore, the institute is part of the Special Interest Group (SIG of the Design Society) “Modeling and Management of Engineering Processes”. Basics in process management are taught in our lecture “Entwicklungsmanagement”.
Engineering Change Management (ECM)
Many company internal and external influences such as changed customer requirements or errors during product development lead to necessary engineering changes. The processing of these change necessities requires a big part of development capacity. The Institute of Product Development researches on approaches towards proactive/preventive ECM, which aims at the mitigation or front-loading of changes, towards reactive ECM for the effective and efficient treatment of change necessities, and towards retrospective analyses of engineering changes. Research results are discussed frequently with practitioners in an industrial working group. Basics in engineering change management are taught in our lecture “Entwicklungsmanagement”.
The philosophy of Lean Production achieved many successes by drastically reducing waste processes and optimizing value adding processes in production. Lean Management aims at transferring these successes to other parts of the organization such as the development department. However, the lean principles value, value stream, pull, flow and perfection are not easy to implement in product development. Research projects at the Institute of Product Development elaborate approaches towards Lean Development and its implementation. Basics in Lean Management are taught in our lecture “Entwicklungsmanagement”.
Knowledge is a crucial factor for the success of a company. On the one hand, increasing employee fluctuation requires retaining knowledge in a company. On the other hand, changing markets and technologies require the continuous development of knowledge. While granularity and relations between disciplines increase, the knowledge often is retained by just a few employees. Hence it is important to conserve relevant knowledge and to transfer or generate new knowledge within companies. Research projects at the institute address the investigation of knowledge via knowledge maps, which help to visualize and structure knowledge in organizations. The knowledge maps enable to identify correlations between different knowledge objects. Basics in knowledge management are taught in our lecture “Entwicklungsmanagement”.
Process modeling is an important enabler for process management. Process models are generally used for documentation and analysis, planning and controlling, or simulation and optimization of processes. In this context, the modeling of uncertainties and iteration is still a big challenge. Moreover, it becomes more and more important to include the interfaces of the process system within the development project to other systems (e.g. object system: product models, target system: requirement models, operating system: agents and methods). The institute addresses the improvement of process modeling methods in the research group “Processes” and in several Dissertation projects. Furthermore, the institute is engaged on an international level within the Special Interest Group (SIG of the Design Society) „Modeling and Management of Engineering Processes“. Basics in process modeling are taught in our lecture “Entwicklungsmanagement”.