SFB 768 Subproject B1

Cycle-oriented planning and coordination of development processes

Field of Study


Product development organization, Management of product development, Industrial product development, Knowledge and information management


Widely discussed topics in research and industry are challenges originating from shorter product and technology life cycles, from product development processes associated with growing complexity of offered services as well as from changes in surroundings and business framework. Hence, minimizing resulting changes and unwanted iterations in the development process in particular are thereby seen as the main challenges of management in order to avoid longer time of development as well as (error-)costs.

Therefore, it is necessary to counter these challenges with appropriate product process planning and coordination. In doing so, the specific characteristics of product development processes have to be considered, such as little structure and predictabiliy, numerous changes and iterations as well as a large proportion of creative work with uncertain results. Thus, appropriate approaches must include these criteria as well as result-oriented planning of product development processes.


Suitable models, methods and tools are to be generated to record cycles in the execution of product development processes as well as the influencing context. Furthermore, cycles are to be made controllable in their characteristics and impacts.

Cycles are defined according to SFB 768 as reoccuring patterns which can be classified and characterized by duration, trigger and consequences. Emphasis is hereby on internal and external cycles affecting planning and execution of development processes of product-service systems (PSS).

By developing methods and tools for the management of influenceable cycles in development processes as well as for the handling of non influenceable cycles in the context of product development, long term effectiveness and efficiency of development processes of PSS will be optimized. This aims to address the value generating phase of the innovation process which is responsible for designing and detailing the PSS defines by strategic planning.


In the first period, cycles in process execution, in context of the process as well as in process planning were analyzed. In the second period models, metrics and methods will be developed for the management of the cycles identified before. For this purpose the following work packages were created:

  • Analysis of situations concerning goal alignment and decision making in cycles of process execution
  • Modeling target deviations relevant to cycles and their causes
  • Development of a method for evaluating target deviations and their causes
  • Modeling of cycle effects relevant to decision making and of factors influencing cycles
  • Development of a method for evaluating cycle effects
  • Creation of a concept to estimate consequences of action alternatives
  • Modeling and measuring effectiveness as well as efficiency of cycles in goal alignment
  • Assessment and evaluation methodology for the reactive and prescriptive management of cycles

Project Partners

Several companies joining our industrial working group on engineering change management

Project Term

January 2016 to December 2019



Helms, S.; Behncke, F. G. H.; Lindlöf, L.; Wickel, M. C.; Chucholowski, N.; Lindemann, U. (2014):

Procedure Model for the Indication of Change Propagation.

International Design Conference (DESIGN 2014), Dubrovnik, Croatia.

Helms, S.; Behncke, F. G. H.; Lindlöf, L.; Wickel, M. C.; Maisenbacher, S; Lindemann, U. (2014):

Classification of methods for the Indication of Change Propagation - A Literature Review.

International Design Conference (DESIGN 2014), Dubrovnik, Croatia.

Herberg, A.; Langer, S.; Lindemann, U. (2010):

Ontogeny and transformation of product models - analysis based on development project documentation.

11th International Design Conference (DESIGN 2010), Dubrovnik, Croatia.

Herberg, A.; Langer, S.; Netter, F.; Lindemann, U. (2010):

Characterizing triggers of reactive cycles within design processes based on process observation.

2010 IEEE International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management, Macao, China, 2010

Herzberger, P.; Behncke, F. G. H.; Schenkl, S.; Lindemann, U. (2013):

Interactive Modeling and Evalaution of Product-Service-Systems.

19th International Conference on Engineering Design 2013 (ICED13), Seoul, Korea.

Kernschmidt, K.; Behncke, F.; Chucholowksi, N.; Wickel, M.; Bayrak, G.; Lindemann, U.; Vogel-Heuser, B. (2014):

An integrated approach to analyze change-situations in the development of production systems.

47th CIRP Conference on Manufacturing Systems (CMS), Ontario, Canada.

Kreimeyer, M.; Bradford, N.; Langer, S.; Biedermann, W.; Lindemann, U. (2010):

Systematic Aggregation of Multiple Views onto a Complex System into Individual Design Structure Matrices.

8th International Symposium on Tools and Methods of Competitive Engineering, Ancona, Italy.

Langer, S.; Kreimeyer, M.; Müller, P.; Lindemann, U.; Blessing, L. (2008):

Entwicklungsprozess hybrider Leistungsbündel - Evaluierung von Modellierungsmethoden unter Berücksichtigung zyklischer Einflussfaktoren.

In: Thomas, O.; Nüttgens, M (Hrsg.): Dienstleistungsmodellierung - Methoden, Werkzeuge und Branchenlösungen, Berlin: Physica, 2008

Langer, S.; Lindemann, U. (2009):

Managing Cycles in Development Processes - Analysis and Classification of External Context Factors.

17th International Conference on Engineering Design, Stanford, USA.

Langer, S.; Knoblinger, C.; Lindemann, U. (2010):

Analysis of dynamic changes and iterations in the development process of an electrically powered go-kart.

11th International Design Conference DESIGN 2010, Dubrovnik, Croatia.